6 Mental Health Issues You May Suffer From

The sad reality of mental health disorders is that a lot of people still fail to take them seriously. People generally confuse mental health disorders with everyday life-induced stress when in reality they’re a lot more than that. 

Mental health disorders are becoming more and more common by the day. What makes it alarming is the fact that not even half of the people suffering from mental health issues receive treatment. 

In order to raise awareness on the issue, we’ll talk about mental health disorders that may affect you or your loved ones once in your life. There’s nothing to be scared of as each one of them comes with various treatment options. 

Alright. Let’s not waste another second and dig into the details: 

Major Depressive Disorder 

Starting with major depressive disorder, it’s one of the most common mental health issues these days. It affects both women and men, regardless of age. According to the World Health Organization, more than 264 million people in the world have depression. 

It’s indeed one of the most severe mood disorders. If left untreated, major depressive disorder can eventually take your life. 

Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder 

  • Persistent feelings of sadness and pessimism 
  • Loss of interest in everyday life activities 
  • Fatigue and body aches 
  • Insomnia or excessive sleeping 
  • Binge eating or loss of appetite
  • Suicidal thoughts or possible attempts 

Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder 

  • Antidepressants and benzodiazepines 
  • Electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) 
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) 
  • Lifestyle rehabilitation, including exercise 
  • Herbs and plants like Canadian shrooms and ashwagandha

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 

Post-traumatic stress disorder, commonly known as PTSD, is a mental health issue caused by witnessing or experiencing a traumatic incident. It is said that PTSD affects about 8 out of every 100 people in the US. 

As per statistics, around 8 million Americans have PTSD. The number of the disorder is more common among women compared to men. 

Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Disorder 

  • Flashbacks or nightmares about the traumatic incident 
  • Reliving the traumatic event through hallucinations 
  • Avoiding places or people relevant to the incident 
  • Low mood and negative cognitions 
  • Palpitations and restlessness 
  • Nausea, muscle tension, or diarrhea 

Treatment of Post-Traumatic Disorder 

  • Antidepressants or anti-anxiety medicines 
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) 
  • Prolonged exposure therapy 
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) 
  • Eye desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) 
  • Psychodynamic and family therapy

Generalized Anxiety Disorder 

Generalized anxiety disorder is another common mental health condition characterized by constant worries and fears, mainly about things that happened in the past or the ones that are to happen in the future. 

As mentioned by the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), generalized anxiety disorder affects 6.8 million people in the US annually. It is also stated that women are twice likely to have generalized anxiety disorder. 

Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder 

  • Persistent worries and fears 
  • Restlessness and hyperactive behavior 
  • Palpitations and trembling 
  • Excessive sweating and body shaking 
  • Muscle tension and digestive issues 
  • Sleep and appetite disturbances 

Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder 

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) 
  • Serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) 
  • Benzodiazepines and antidepressants 
  • Applied relaxation, including muscle exercises 
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) 
  • Herbs and concentrates for anxiety relief

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 

Obsessive-compulsive disorder generally called OCD is a mental health issue that brings along repeated unwanted thoughts or sensations. It also includes unusual obsessions or compulsions, including nail-biting, washing the hands again and again, and more. 

Rendering to the statistics, more than two million people in the US are affected by obsessive-compulsive disorder. It affects people of every age group; however, it’s relatively more common in females than males. 

Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 

  • Difficulty tolerating uncertainty 
  • Persistent feeling of losing control 
  • Fear of contamination or dirt 
  • Obsessively needing things in an order 
  • Repeated thoughts about sexual or religious objects
  • Recurring thoughts about harming oneself or others 

Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) 
  • Anti-anxiety medicines or benzodiazepines 
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) 
  • Exposure and response prevention (ERP) 
  • Increased physical activity with appropriate sleep 

Bipolar Disorder 

Bipolar disorder is said to be a bridge between psychotic and mood disorders. It comes with both mood-related and psychotic symptoms. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, 2.8% of adults in the US have bipolar disorder. 

Bipolar disorder manifests in three different episodes, mania, hypomania, and major depressive disorder. The symptoms of the disorder depend on the episode going on. 

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder 

  • Extreme happiness or excitement (mania) 
  • Melancholy (hypomania) 
  • Decreased need for sleep or hypersomnia 
  • Appetite issues and exaggerated sense of self 
  • Fatigue and body aches 
  • Excessive talkativeness or irritability 

Treatment of Bipolar Disorder 

  • Antipsychotics and sleep-inducing drugs 
  • Mood stabilizers and anti-anxiety medicines 
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) 
  • Electroconvulsive shock treatment (ECT) 
  • An active lifestyle with appropriate sleep


Schizophrenia is a severe psychotic condition that’s becoming more and more common these days. It’s a mental health condition that requires lifelong treatment. As mentioned in the WHO fact sheet, around 20 million people in the world are living with schizophrenia. 

It is also said that people with schizophrenia are twice or thrice likely to die earlier compared to healthy individuals. It is found in both males and females, irrespective of gender and age. 

Symptoms of Schizophrenia 

  • Delusions and hallucinations 
  • Irritability and absence of a sense of self 
  • Irritability and inhibited behavior 
  • Withdrawal from family and friends 
  • Memory issues and limited range of emotions 
  • Loss of interest in everyday life activities 

Treatment of Schizophrenia 

  • First and second-generation antipsychotics 
  • Antidepressants and benzodiazepines 
  • Electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) 
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) 
  • Cognitive remediation and rehabilitation 
  • Family therapy and goal-oriented therapy

See Also: 6 Ways To Boost Your Mental Health

The Takeaway 

Other than the ones mentioned above, anxiety disorders like agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, and claustrophobia are also frequently seen these days. Thus, it’s imperative to take care of the symptoms in case you or any of your loved ones have any. Your mental health needs to be a priority! I wish you well, my friends!